Maca (Lepidium meyenii) is a peruvian plant, which belongs to the Brassicaceae family. It grows in central Andes at more than 4000m altitude; it is constituted of a flat overground portion and underground hypocotyl and roots. Hypocotyl colour allows the distinction of three different varieties: white, yellow, and black maca. Naturally dried hypocotyls have been used for centuries by native Andean populations as aphrodisiac, energizer, and enhancers of fertility and sexual function. With the advent of Internet, maca has become a common ingredient of sexual enhancer products available worldwide.
Maca extracts have been shown to contain benzyl glucosinolates and polyphenols. Maca had only a small effect on sexual behaviour and locomotor activity. two trials suggested a significant positive effect of maca on sexual dysfunction or sexual desire in healthy postmenopausal women or healthy adult men.
Maca side effects: Painful intestinal cramps, severe gastritis, increased blood pressure, moodines, increased heart rate, insomnia, depression/anxiety, acne breakout
Maca is a plant that grows in central Peru in the high plateaus of the Andes Mountains. It has been cultivated as a vegetable crop in this area for at least 3000 years. Maca is a relative of the radish and has an odor similar to butterscotch. Its root is used to make medicine.
People take maca by mouth for “tired blood” (anemia); chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS); and enhancing energy, stamina, athletic performance, and memory. People also take maca by mouth for female hormone imbalance, menstrual problems, symptoms of menopause, improving fertility, and sexual dysfunction caused by antidepressants, weak bones (osteoporosis), depression, stomach cancer, leukemia, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, erectile dysfunction (ED), to arouse sexual desire, and to boost the immune system.
In foods, maca is eaten baked or roasted, prepared as a soup, and used for making a fermented drink called maca chicha.
In agriculture, it is used to increase fertility in livestock.
Maca, the Peruvian herb, generates lots of buzz about its reputed ability to boost libido.
It is revered in the ancient Incan culture for its many medicinal purposes. According to folk belief, it is a plant known for its legendary ability to deliver energy and mental clarity and enhance sex drive for more than 2,000 years.
The strongest evidence is that it may increase sperm count and improve fertility in certain men,” she says.